Huge mountains of sandstone and granite emerge, sheer-sided, from wide sandy valleys to reach heights of 1700 metres and more. Narrow canyons and fissures cut deep into the mountains many of which conceal ancient rock drawings etched by the peoples of the desert over millennia.
Bedouin tribes still live among the mountains of Rum and their large goat-hair tents are a special feature of the landscape.
Although perhaps not as peaceful and unspoilt as it once was, due to an increase in campsites and visitors, the area still offers challenging climbs, colourful hills and canyons for trekking on foot, on horseback or by camel. In the springtime, an explosion of 2,000 species of wildflower is a sight to behold. It is also famous as the location where T E Lawrence spent much of his time and where he wrote his famous Seven Pillars of Wisdom.