The southern sector
Virunga’s southern sector is best known for the mountain gorillas that live on the flanks of the dormant Mikeno volcano (4,380 metres), with four habituated mountain gorilla families near Bukima. Humba (eight individuals), Rugendo (eight individuals), Mapua (21 individuals) and Nyakamwe (nine individuals).
There is another habituated group – Kimbombo consisting of 25 individuals – but it is further away from Bukima. The dense forests that cover most of southern Virunga, also make it ideal habitat for chimpanzees and numerous species of monkey, including the Blue and Colobus found in high numbers, particularly around Mikeno Lodge.