Guajira Peninsula


The peninsula is not only the most northern point of Colombia but also of South America.  The area is one of great contrasts with brilliant white salt flats, pink ibis, green cacti and ochre sand dunes that rise out of the savage landscape all under a merciless sun.  The Guajira Peninsula is inhabited by the Wayuu people who are a nomadic tribe and their strong beliefs and legends make this area even more fascinating. To visit Guajira is to immerse oneself in a deeply rooted culture and to experience the simplicity of life in this harsh but beautiful environment.


Spanning an area of more than 20,000km², the peninsula is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the north and Venezuela to the East. In stark contrast to the crystal white salt flats, deep black coal is extracted from the mine at El Cerrejon.  The indigenous Wayuu people live autonomously across the border that divides Venezuela and Colombia.  They are a matriarchal society who are deeply traditional.  Living in small communities known as Rancherias, the Wayuu spend their time fishing and weaving. Their most popular crafts are the brightly coloured hammocks and mochila bags. 

  • Visit La Flora y Fauna Los Flamencos Sanctuary home to the most important lagoon for watching the pink ibis and flamingos.
  • Take a traditional fishing boat to visit the conservation centre for marine turtles
  • Visit Wayuu communities and learn about their way of life, myths and legends
  • Explore Cabo de la Vela, a remote fishing village
  • Visit the salt flats at Manaure

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