Nedjmeddian Kubra, Piryarvali Mausolem, Konye-Urgench, Turkmenistan

The best time to visit Turkmenistan

The best time to visit Turkmenistan is March to May, then again from September to November. Similar to other Central Asian countries, the winter months can be cold and the summer months can be swelteringly hot.

Explore the best time to visit

  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
  • Oct
  • Nov
  • Dec

Visiting Turkmenistan in January

low season

Temperatures vary between 1°C and 9°C, but can get as low as -8°C. With more than 70% of the country engulfed by the Kara-Kum Desert, even winter is relatively mild. Siberian winds can sweep in; with little protection in the desert, we would recommend staying close to the main cities.

Visiting Turkmenistan in February

low season

Temperatures vary between 1°C and 9°C, but can get as low as -8°C. With more than 70% of the country engulfed by the Kara-Kum Desert, even winter is relatively mild. Siberian winds can sweep in; with little protection in the desert, we would recommend staying close to the main cities.

Visiting Turkmenistan in March

medium season

Temperatures vary between 6°C and 16°C. Spring brings a sea of colour, from the green grass to the blossoming buds, and more pleasant temperatures. Nowruz festival is celebrated across Central Asia, which is the Persian New Year. It’s also a great time to explore the desert when the temperatures make it more hospitable; discover interesting sights and camp out in the wilderness. Rainfall is rare in Turkmenistan, but there are the occasional spring showers.

Damla sand dunes

Meet the locals

Visiting Turkmenistan in April

high season

Temperatures vary from 10-20°C and is a great time to explore without the heat of the summer. Rainfall is rare, but there are the occasional spring showers. Flowers bloom and vegetation grows in the desert. This is a fabulous time for trekking in the Kopat Dag mountain range. Visit the flaming gas crater at Darvaza and the windswept ruins of ancient cities.

Darvaza gas crater

Nisa

Visiting Turkmenistan in May

high season

Temperatures vary from 10-20°C and is a great time to explore without the heat of the summer. Rainfall is rare, but there are the occasional spring showers. Visit the Yangikala Canyon in the west with its striped layers of rock, or take a tour of the Kugitang Mountains near Uzbekistan.

Yangykala Canyon

Konye-Urgench

Visiting Turkmenistan in June

low season

Temperatures start to rise as summer arrives and can vary between 24°C and 37°C, but can soar into the 40s.

Visiting Turkmenistan in July

low season

In the summer months, temperatures can exceed 50°C. We don’t recommend travel in the cities, but the Caspian Sea coast can be milder. The mountains may even be cool enough for trekking in the early mornings and evenings.

Visiting Turkmenistan in August

low season

In the summer months, temperatures can exceed 50°C. We don’t recommend travel in the cities, but the Caspian Sea coast can be milder. The mountains may even be cool enough for trekking in the early mornings and evenings.

Visiting Turkmenistan in September

high season

Autumn is a great time to visit Turkmenistan after the searing heat of the summer and below the snowy winter. Venture into the desert and visit the ancient ruins of Merv; why not camp out overnight to experience a different way of life? See the greens of summer shift to the oranges and yellows of autumn with a mountain hike in the south of the country. Temperatures can drop significantly at night, so make sure to pack layers. Rainfall is rare, but you might experience the odd autumnal shower.

Merv

Ustyurt Plateau

Visiting Turkmenistan in October

high season

Temperatures hover around 20°C in October, making it a pleasant time to explore desert ruins and Turkmenistan’s cities. Rainfall is rare, but you might experience the odd autumnal shower.

Ashgabat

Damla

Visiting Turkmenistan in November

medium season

Temperatures hover around 14°C in November, making for comfortable weather conditions to explore. Towards the end of November, Siberian winds sweep in; with little protection in the desert, we would recommend staying close to the main cities.

Visiting Turkmenistan in December

low season

Temperatures vary between 1°C and 9°C, but can get as low as -8°C. With more than 70% of the country engulfed by the Kara-Kum Desert, even winter is relatively mild. Siberian winds can sweep in; with little protection in the desert, we would recommend staying close to the main cities.

Turkmenistan climate guide

Drag the slider to see monthly temperature and rainfall.

Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sept
Oct
Nov
Dec
Maximum Temperature (°C) Monthly Rainfall (mm)
Ashgabat
Turkmenabat
Turkmenbashi
Mary
Balkanabat
Konye-Urgench
Darvaza

Explore

  • Ashgabat
  • Turkmenabat
  • Mary
  • Balkanabat
  • Konye-Urgench
  • Turkmenbashi
  • Darvaza
Men, Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia by Paul Craven
Kyrgyzstan

Journey through Central Asia

Explore the rarely visited corners of the five Stans, immersing yourself in nomadic culture and rich silk road history. Spend a night under canvas in a traditional yurt, surrounded by dramatic gorges and the picturesque Issyk Kul Lake in Kyrgyzstan, continue to Tajikistan, a wild and forgotten corner of the globe with a fascinating history, and discover colourful bazaars, UNESCO sites and architectural gems in Uzbekistan. If you’d like to visit Turkmenistan as a standalone country or with one other of the Stans, speak to our experts for a tailormade itinerary.

23 days

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